Safety Belt for small Children.
By Thotsaporn Kh.
Accidents on land can cause loss of life and bodily
harm. This can range from minor harm such as scrapes
and bruises, to severe harm such as internal bruising and
disability. Of course, the best way is to prevent accidents,
but this is easier said than done. Using safety belts,
therefore, is one precautionary measure against potential
injuries and loss of life.
What happens during an accident?
1. The impact produced from a car going at 60 km/hour is equal to
the car falling from 14 meters, or about a five-storey height. The
body of the car will most likely be dented or disfigured.
2. Passengers will continue traveling at the same speed as the car
at the time of the impact even after the car has stopped. Their
heads, faces and bodies will be thrown against the steering wheel
or windscreen. causing a loss of consciousness or lives. Internal
organs, such as liver, kidney, intestines, brain or bone marrow, will
travel at the same speed as the car. When the person stops
moving, these organs will smash against each other, making it
possible for the liver, kidney, intestines or brain to tear.
Some people may wonder if the use of safety belts for
pregnant women is safe for the fetus (baby) when an accident
happens. They may think the belt can pull or tighten against the
belly too much. Naturally, a fetus is protected by the placenta,
containing amniotic fluids. These fluids perform biological functions,
receiving and dispersing any impact to the mother's body before it
reaches the fetus.
Even though the impact to the mother's belly cannot harm
the fetus, the impact may cause the fetus to detach from the womb
(in medical terms this is called Abruptio Placentea). This condition
can cause severe harm to the fetus and the mother.
In fact, even trough the mother has not received direct
impact to her belly during an accident, if the mother is injured
elsewhere on her body and there is a loss of blood, this can affect
the general support system to the fetus. The blood circulating in
the body, which brings oxygen to the fetus, will be reduced and can
threaten its life. J
How should the seatbelt be worn?
The correct way of putting on the seatbelt, is to place the
strap across the thighs underneath the belly, going across the hip
joints. It should never go above the protruding belly, and the other
strap should lie diagonally across the shoulder, going over the belly.
This method will disperse the impact from the pull of the
seatbelt along the mother's body. Most important, in a car with air
bag, the mother must sit far enough from the air bag to ensure that
the air bag cannot hit her directly in the belly.
For mums-to-be, the most important thing is to remember
that the child's safety depends on your safety.
Putting on the safety belt for small children
1. Never put a baby on the front seat in a car with airbags.
2. The car seat can face the front of the car and must be tightly
strapped onto the seat of the car.
3. The seatbelt must be aligned with the child's body. For a three-
point seatbelt, the shoulder straps will go across the chest and
lie between the shoulder and the neck.
4. The diagonal strap of the safety belt must not go behind the body,
because during an accident, the face and chest can be in danger
of falling forward and crashing.
5. The safety belt must not go under the arms. because during an
accident it can cause fractured ribs.
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