Article Categories
» Arts & Entertainment
» Automotive
» Business
» Careers & Jobs
» Education & Reference
» Finance
» Food & Drink
» Health & Fitness
» Home & Family
» Internet & Online Businesses
» Miscellaneous
» Self Improvement
» Shopping
» Society & News
» Sports & Recreation
» Technology
» Travel & Leisure
» Writing & Speaking

  Listed Article

  Category: Articles » Home & Family » Pregnancy » Article

Hypertension For Pregnant Mothers

By Ng Peng Hock

An increase in blood (plasma) volume and a fall in blood pressure are usually observed in normal pregnancy. So when any pregnant woman's blood pressure is above the normal range, it is abnormal.

Hypertension in pregnancy is defined as a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more. It complicates 5 to 7 percent of pregnancies and is a major cause of inadequate fetal growth, lack of oxygen supply to fetus, neonatal complications and death, and maternal complications and death. Therefore, pregnancy complicated by hypertension does pose a risk to both the fetus and the mother.

A family history of hypertension, extremes of reproductive age, first pregnancy, multiple gestation, hydatidiform mole (a form of pregnancy tumor), diabetes, kidney disease, and hypertension prior to pregnancy are some of the factors that may contribute to the development of hypertension during pregnancy.

Hypertension can occur in 1 of the 3 forms. It can be present before conception occurs and is commonly known as pre-existing hypertension. It may occur after 20 weeks' gestation and experts name this as gestational hypertension with or without preeclampsia/eclampsia. Or, it can exist as a combination of the two. Preeclampsia/eclampsia is a form of pregnancy disorder that affects blood pressure as well as the brain, kidney, liver and blood.

The control of severe hypertension in pregnancy (that is blood pressure higher than 170/110 mmHg) is essential and should be done immediately. This will prevent maternal death from bleeding in the brain (cerebral hemorrhage) and eclampsia. The need to control mild hypertension in pregnant mothers is less evident, but treatment of mild hypertension has been shown to reduce the subsequent development of severe high blood pressure. Nevertheless, its value in preventing fetal loss or development of eclampsia remains unproven.

Pregnant women with hypertension are usually asked to rest in bed and take antihypertensive medications. Restriction of dietary sodium is generally not advised. In view of the potential risks of medication to the unborn child, many 'old' but 'safe' drugs (such as methyldopa, hydralazine, labetalol, nifedipine) are often used. Some newer antihypertensive medications such as ACE inhibitors and ARBs are not recommended because of the possible ill effects to the fetus.

Occasionally, medical delivery is required to control hypertension or its possible complications. A multi-disciplinary approach combining the expertise of an obstetrician, a physician, a neonatologist and a nurse is usually required for the optimal care of a hypertensive mother with complications.

America's Most Trusted Doctor Reveals ... How to Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease - Without Drugs or Surgery. Read more about his confession at:
About the Author
Feel free to use this article on your website or ezine as long as the following information about author/website is included.

Heart Disease Prevention - 8 Simple Ways You Can Do Immediately, Go to:

Article Source:
If you wish to add the above article to your website or newsletters then please include the "Article Source:" as shown above and make it hyperlinked.

  Some other articles by Ng Peng Hock
The Risk Of Drug-coated Stents Can Be Managed
Despite the recent negative news that patients with drug-coated stents have higher risk of blood clots than those with bare metal stents, a pioneer of the drug-coated stent has said that with proper ...

What So Great About GL Diet?
GL stands for glycemic load. It is believed by many health professionals that low GL diet will be more popular than low-fat, low-carbohydrate (carb) or low-calorie. The low-fat and low-calorie diets do not stop obesity ...

Does Salt Matter Your Heart Health?
We add salt into our food to make it tasty. Occasionally, we also put salt into our mouth if we have ulcer because it can make ...

What Are Designer Eggs Related To Heart Disease?
We all have heard about designer fashions, designer watches, or designer bags. But, have you heard about designer eggs? When you shop around supermarkets, you will probably come across eggs ...

What If You Have A Fatty Liver?
A fatty liver is one that has build-up of fat in the liver. It may not cause any harm to the liver, if mild. However, if the condition gets worse, ...

Does Heart Grow Older With Age?
Your age does not determine how young or old your heart really is. A heart of a 40-year-old person may have the vitality ...

  Recent Articles
Benefits of Abdomen Supports
by James Kronefield

Press Release For Expectant and New Parents!
by Claire-Marie Alvarez

Expectant Mother's January Horoscopes

Hypertension For Pregnant Mothers
by Ng Peng Hock

Selecting a Free Pregnancy Test
by Gibran Selman

Why Use a Home Pregnancy Test
by Gibran Selman

Important Information About First Trimester Pregnancy
by Gibran Selman

Baby Boy Shower ideas and Decorations
by Joe Grabowski

Pregnant! What's This About Morning Sickness?
by Karen Cook

How Effective Are the Implants?
by Annie williams

13 Good Reasons To BreastFeed Your Baby
by Farrell Seah

Can't connect to database