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  Category: Articles » Arts & Entertainment » Photography » Article

Star and Cross Effect Filters

By Wendy Smith

You can use this lens for close-ups, but be careful with your composition.
Large areas of the image will become blank and could destroy your

There are many different types of photography. You can take pictures of
anything and there is someone out there somewhere who would like to
see the pictures that you take. So, photography is a great field to get
into. Of course, this is landscape photography on a big scale. Not many
people are lucky enough to start off traveling the world.

The earlier model did not contain the film; instead, it had a small light-
shield box with lens and translucent screen on either side. The image that
traveled through the lens was stored on the screen. Known as 'camera
obscura,' it was no more than a sketching device for artists.

You can become a photographer in a special field such as wedding or
family photographer. You can choose to make money taking pictures of
things you love such as animals, nature or ships.

Filters for Special Effects Have you seen picture ads in magazines that look
so nice that they don't look real at all? Some of them have been edited
using photo editing software. But, definitely, most of them have been
taken using a camera with a special kind of filter.

There are a wide variety of filters to choose from when adding to your
camera equipment. There are filters for either color or black-and-white
shots or both. Each filter has its own function, whether it be for
enhancing the color contrast, improving sharpness, highlight flares and
more. And there are filters for special effects like those photos normally
seen in magazines and advertisements.

Here are some examples of filters that can be used to enhance the image
by adding special effects to them.

Star and Cross Effect Filters

There are different star effect flares available such as Star-Six and Star-
Eight. The Star-Six has six-pointed light flares, while Star-Eight has eight-
pointed flares. These flares add more brightness to images. This filter is
good when taking pictures of streetlights, theme-parks during the night
or sun-reflections on glass structures.

A cross screen filter is similar to star filters except that the flare is four-
cross. It also gives a dramatic effect to bright points in the image. It is
ideal for taking photos of ladies wearing jewelry.

Spectral cross filter produces cross effects as well as soft-focus effects
normally desired for portraits, outdoor shots with direct lighting or back
lighting with increased cross effects. It is a filter with two transparent and
colorless optical glass in a rotating frame with a black gauze-like fiber in

Vario cross filter gives an effect of four rays of light coming out from each
light source point. It is a filter consisting of two glasses with parallel lines
etched on each glass. The front glass can be rotated separately to modify
the angle of the light rays.

Close-up Filters

As the name implies, these filters are for close-up photography which are
better than zooms. These filters are available in +1, +2, +3, +4, and +10
diopters with the higher number giving a much closer shot.

Aside from the prizes, winning a contest may be your opportunity to
showcase your photography skills in a national magazine. It¡¯s easy to see
why someone would want to enter a contest.

Nature photography is the photography of animals, birds, fish and other
wildlife. We will be discussing marine photography in a future article,
because it involves specialist, expensive equipment and assorted diving
skills. Aside from the prizes, winning a contest may be your opportunity to
showcase your photography skills in a national magazine. It¡¯s easy to see
why someone would want to enter a contest.

Photojournalism takes pictures of events to support the news story and
to create awareness among the people.

If you enjoy photography and are thinking of it as a career, there are
actually many different directions you can choose from.

Macro close-up filters are good for taking shots of small insects, flowers
and other tiny objects at close-up. It has a +10 diopter rating with a 2-
element, 2-group construction lens. Split field filter takes a close-up shot
of half of the image while the other half is normal. This is used for keeping
in focus both close and far objects at the same time.

Multivision Filters

To create a fantastic effect of repeating an object in a single photo,
multivision filters are used. These are available in 3PF, 3F, 5F, 6F, and 6PF
where the number determines the number of times the object will be
repeated. It works great with dark backgrounds or larger objects.

Multivision filters are made up of optical glass accurately cut into different
facets. Color multivision filters add different colors to the image. There are
two types available ¨C 3F with three faces in red, green and blue, and 5F
with five faces equally divided into orange and green colors.

Misty Spot Filters

This type of filters provides a blurring effect of the background of a clear
and sharp central image. There are four types of these kind available.

A breezing filter gives unidirectional streaks of the blurred background.
Gradual filter has streaks that seem to originate from the center image.
The windmill filter has a blurring background that swirls about the center.
The halo filter has blurring streaks that originate from a point at the edge
of the field.

Diffusion Filters

Diffusion filters provide a soft focus effect on the image due to an
irregular or uneven surface. This kind of filter is specifically used for

Center Spot Filters

The center of this filter has a clear spot that gives the center image a
clear and sharp effect, while the background can have an effect of fog to
make it romantic. These are just some of the special effects filters
available for professional and amateur photographers alike. It surely is nice
to add even just one or two to your collection with the fabulous effects
that it can provide on your shots.

There are different ways of finding photography jobs, depending on the
type of job you are looking for and your experience. You can begin by
creating a resume and portfolio of your work.

The world of photography is an amazing one. It¡¯s been with us for quite a
while now but it is constantly changing. Cameras are changing and
improving. Methods of developing are changing and improving as well.
More on Malaysia Photographer.

Next to consider, are your technical aspects of your photograph. You are
going to want to have excellent composition, lighting, focus, contrast,
exposure, perspective and more.

Getting developed rolls of film back from a reunion or vacation is
heartbreaking if something went wrong (and even someone having their
eyes closed, if it is during a wedding portrait, is ¡°something wrong¡±). Look
at all they have to offer and make your decision after weighing what you
think is the best deal for the money in terms of what you actually get.
About the Author
More on Malaysia Photographer.

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