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  Category: Articles » Food & Drink » Cooking » Article
 

Digestion




By Dr. Chef

Digestion is a complicated physical and chemical process. It can be compared to a huge laboratory, where any malfunction can bring the whole process to a standstill.

Digestion starts in your mouth. The food is broken up and chewed with the teeth while simultaneously being mixed with saliva from the salivary glands. Proper chewing is extremely important for your good digestion. Food is than swallowed and transported to the stomach via your esophagus.

"Carry-over" digestion from the mouth continues in your stomach. Then, further digestion occurs in the stomach when the food mass is mixed with gastric juice from the gastric glands by gastric contractions, a mechanical action.

The partially liquefied and dissolved food mass, or chyme, is mixed with bile, intestinal juice and pancreatic juice in the small intestine by additional mechanical action.The bile is prepared by the liver and concentrated and stored by the gallbladder. Intestinal juice is secreted by the small intestine and pancreatic juice by the pancreas. Digestion in the small intestine results in the complete breakdown of the food mass to the end products of digestion.

The food-absorbing villi of the small intestine absorb the nutrients and transport them to the cells via your blood of the lymph circulation. In the large intestine or colon the water is extracted from the chyme, which partially solidifies. The rectum stores the feces or stool prior to the discharge from the bowels or defecation.

The following substances are excreted from your body: water, salt, nitrogenous waste, carbon dioxide, cellulose, and other undigested food substances, as well as intestinal bacteria. These substances leave your body via exhalation, perspiration, urination, and defecation. Regular bowel movements are important for your health. Regularity can often be achieved by appropriate food and adequate fluid intake as well as by a healthy way of life including exercise.

The small and large intestine take approx one week to digest the hard meat like beef and lamb. Therefore you should take a lot of fiber and fruits to help your intestine work easy...Till the next article…happy healthy cooking…


TIP OF THE DAY
Never stored opened can in the fridge. Transfer the balance food from a can into the plastic container. Opened can will getting rusty and the food inside it easily bring to poisoning exposure..!!!

Your life...
You're approaching the menopause
Menopause symptoms vary fromone woman to another. Some have few problems, while others find it physically and emotionally draining. Taking special care of your nutritional health can help your body cope.

Your diet...
A well-balanced diet is essential to help your body to hormonal changes. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables, avoid refined and processed food and eat little and often to keep blood sugar stable. Cut down on tea, coffee and alcohol. ensure you eat plenty of oily fish, nuts and seeds, and include food containing phytoestrogen, particularly soy (as milk, yogurt or tofu), which can help with hot flushes, lower cholesterol adn may protect against osteoporosis.

Supplements to consider
B vitamins, vitamins C and E and magnesium are known to help with menopausal symptoms. A good multivitamin and mineral supplement that includes boron, with extra doses of the other vital vitamins on top, to add up a daily total of: 1000mg of vitamin C, 50mg of B vitamins, 300mg of magnesium, 500mg of calcium citrate and 400 international units of votamin E.

From the back desk,

Dr. Chef
 
 
About the Author
x chef

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